While malnutrition affects patients' quality of life; It also negatively affects mortality and morbidity levels. As a result of developing malnutrition, oral nutritional supplements are primarily preferred in order to reduce inadequate nutrient intake and to create a solution for malnutrition. In cases where oral nutrition is insufficient, nutrition routes such as nasogastric feeding and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy come to the fore. In case of oral nutritional deficiency, it is argued that enteral nutrition is superior to parenteral nutrition and is considered as the closest nutrition model to oral nutrition in today's nutrition models. Aim: In this study, it was aimed to review the literature by investigating the effects of enteral nutrition in cases where oral nutrition is insufficient. The ways, methods and doses of enteral nutrition were examined and evaluated together with the literature. Content: This review contains up-to-date information about the clinical approach to enteral nutrition. Method: In the research, a literature search was conducted using databases such as Science Direct and PubMed. Up-to-date and comprehensive data were used to compile this research. Results: Many studies show that enteral nutrition is one of the most important steps to be preferred in case of malnutrition. Conclusion: Malnutrition is a frequently observed condition in hospitalized patients. Enteral nutrition in malnourished patients; It is seen as safe and curative in many subjects such as treatment of diseases, length of hospital stay, cost of illness, inflammation. Complications to be experienced can be prevented as a result of the follow-up of the expert team.
Keywords: Malnutrition, Enteral Nutrition, Nutrition, Nutritional Therapy