Aim: This study aims to determine the change in the number of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients admitted to the emergency department and 30-days mortality in patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: This study was conducted in the emergency department of a university hospital. The stroke patients admitted between March 11, 2019, and March 11, 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. The dates between March 11, 2019, and March 11, 2020, were considered as the pre-pandemic period, and the dates following March 11, 2020, as the pandemic period. The changes in the gender of the patients, stroke type (ischemic/hemorrhagic), the unit where the patients received treatment, and the 30-day mortality status in the pandemic period were examined. Ethics committee approval was obtained for the study. Results: 586 stroke patients were included in the study. While the rate of ischemic stroke in the pre-pandemic period was 72.4% (n:181), it increased to 92.3% (n:310) in the pandemic period, and the rate of hemorrhagic stroke decreased from 27.6% (n:69) to 7.7% (n:26) (p<0.001). It was found that there was no statistically significant change in terms of gender, 30-day mortality, and the unit in which the patients received treatment in the pandemic period, respectively p=0.534, p=0.147, p=0.905. Conclusion: There is an increase in the number of ischemic stroke cases admitted to the emergency department during the pandemic and a decrease in the number of hemorrhagic stroke cases. We believe that this is motivated by COVID-19.
Keywords: COVID-19, Stroke, Mortality, Admission Rates, Emergency Department